Sometime referred to as Vertical Stabilizer.

Often relatively thin, especially along the leading edge, with most of its bulk near the center of the chord. Wide-Body Aircraft – An aircraft with two aisles inside. CONSTANT-SPEED PROPELLER - A hydraulically-controlled propeller that governs an engine at its optimum speed by the blade pitch being increased or decreased automatically. FLAP - A movable, usually hinged AIRFOIL set in the trailing edge of an aircraft wing, designed to increase LIFT or DRAG by changing the CAMBER of the wing or used to slow an aircraft during landing by increasing lift.
FLIGHT SERVICE STATION (FSS) - Air traffic facilities which provide pilot briefing, enroute communications and VFR search and rescue services, assist lost aircraft and aircraft in emergency situations, relay ATC clearances, originate Notices to Airmen, broadcast aviation weather and NAS information, receive and process IFR flight plans, and monitor NAVAIDs.

PUSHER - A propeller mounted in back of its engine, pushing an aircraft through the air, as opposed to a TRACTOR configuration. FAR Part 129 - Foreign Air Carrier and Foreign Operators of US registered aircraft engaged in common carriage Tower/Airport Traffic Control Tower (ATCT) (FAA ­ only towers delegated approach control authority) GPS - Global Positioning System; satellite-based navigation. Hypoxia – A condition caused by low levels of oxygen that can lead to dizziness, disorientation, etc, posing extreme danger to pilots operating aircraft at high altitudes. ADCOCK RANGE - National low-frequency radio navigation system (c.1930-c.1950) replaced by an omnirange (VOR) system.

INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (IMC) - Meteorological conditions expressed in terms of visibility, distance from clouds, and ceiling less than minima specified for visual meteorological conditions (VMC). TRUE NORTH - The northern direction of the axis of the Earth; aka "Map North."

Where joint use is authorized, the name of the ATC controlling facility is also shown. A Glossary of AviationTerms and Abbreviations CERTIFICATED AIRPORT - An airport operating under FAR Part 139. Such an aircraft is popularly called a TAILDRAGGER. HIGH-SPEED STALL - Any stall made to occur at more than 1g, such as pulling out of a dive or while turning. French: nacelle, from Latin, navicella, little ship. The lifting wing generates more drag, causing an airplane to yaw (turn) toward it.
SKID - Too shallow a bank in a turn, causing an aircraft to slide outward from its ideal turning path. ACCELERATED STALL.

UNDERCARRIAGE - The landing gear of a land-based aircraft, including struts, frames, and wheels. FLYING WIRES - Interplane bracing wires that help support wingloads when the plane is in flight. DELTA-WING - A triangularly-shaped aircraft wing having a low aspect ratio, a sharply-tapered leading edge, a straight trailing edge, and a pointed tip. ICAO – International Civil Aviation Organization – A specialized agency of the United Nations. Also in this class are Federal airways, airspace beginning at either 700' or 1,200' AGL used to transition to/from the terminal or enroute environment, enroute domestic, and offshore airspace areas designated below 18,000' MSL. The FAA issues airport operating certificates to all airports serving scheduled or unscheduled air carrier aircraft designed for more than 30 passenger seats.

Compare THRUST. Compare MAGNETIC NORTH. MSL - Mean Sea Level.

When the aircraft is flight right of the selected course, the needle deflects proportionally to the left. 427 Special Operations Aviation Squadron: Ferte manus certas (Latin for "strike with a sure hand") Canadian Joint Incident Response Unit: Nunquam non parati (Latin for "never unprepared") Canadian Special Operations Regiment: Audeamus (Latin for "we dare") Joint Task Force 2: Facta non verba (Latin for "deeds, not words") Chile. RADAR APPROACH CONTROL FACILITY (RAPCON) - A terminal ATC facility that uses radar and non-radar capabilities to provide approach control services to aircraft arriving, departing, or transiting airspace controlled by the facility. Opposite of UNDERSHOOT. ADIABATIC LAPSE RATE - The rate at which ascending air cools and descending air warms, given that no heat is added or taken away. SUA  see  SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE The FAA issues airport operating certificates to all airports serving scheduled or unscheduled air carrier aircraft designed for more than 30 passenger seats. Opposite of ANHEDRAL. BLEED AIR - Hot air at high pressure, usually from the bypass section of a gas turbine engine, for de-icing, heating, and other uses. CAS is equal to true airspeed in standard atmosphere at sea level. Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI) – A device that provides the feet per minute (fpm) rate at which an aircraft is climb or descending.

ALCLAD - Trademark name of Alcoa for high-strength sheet aluminum clad with a layer (approximately 5.5% thickness per side) of high-purity aluminum, popularly used in airplane manufacture.

Now outdated by more sophisticated means. CONVENTIONAL GEAR - Having two main landing wheels at the front and a tailwheel or tailskid at the rear as opposed to having a tricycle gear with three main wheels.

TAS - True Air Speed.


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