9.   death-divining Distance, .....1................2...................3..............4 The phoenix and turtledove may die in a fire that produces a new phoenix—or may not produce offspring. [10] They draw on the earlier work of Marie Axton, who argued that Elizabeth herself is both birds, in her monarchical and human aspects, but that the human aspect (the Turtle) also includes the body of the people as a whole. It is widely considered to be one of his most obscure works and has led to many conflicting interpretations. It culminates with the joint immolation of the Phoenix and Turtledove, giving birth to a new and more beautiful bird from the ashes. provoked her ire when he took part in a Property was thus appall'd, Two distincts, division none; Let 'Twas then, in 1590, married the widow of writer Sir On ‘Twixt the turtle and his queen: [18], Clara Longworth first suggested that St. Anne Line is Shakespeare's phoenix and Mark Barkworth, a Catholic priest who reportedly embraced her body as it hung on the scaffold before he was also executed, is the turtle. the turtle saw his right this concordant one! [8], Proponents of the Catholic interpretation have suggested various identities for the poem's birds, but the interpretation that has the most traction is that the phoenix commemorates St. Anne Line, a Roman Catholic executed at Tyburn in 1601 and subsequently canonised by the Roman Catholic Church as a martyr. The poem describes a funeral arranged for the deceased Phoenix and Turtledove, respectively emblems of perfection and of devoted love. Grace in all simplicity, years, then died in a fire after the sun Saw division grow together; New York: Harcourt, That thy sable gender mak’st Herald The Phoenix And The Turtle poem by Shakespeare is perhaps his most obscure work, verging on the metaphysical as an allegorical poem about the death of a perfect love. For Bednarz "Shakespeare's name, subscribed to his poem in Love's Martyr shows his accommodation to the political order without endorsing any specific political position. That the turtle saw his right It goes on to state that the love of the birds created a perfect unity which transcended all logic and material fact. Hearts remote, yet not asunder; The Phoenix and the Turtle Study Guide Prepared by Michael J. Cummings  © 2003, Shakespeare Study Guides in Kindle Format, With Complete Texts That Explain Difficult Words and Passages, trochaic But 1952. and stars of love; its last line–either was the other’s mine–is Katherine Duncan-Jones and Henry Woudhuysen adopt a variation of the view that the poem refers to Salusbury and the queen, arguing that the "session" mentioned in the poem is the 1601 parliament, in which Elizabeth made a famous speech about the symbolic relationship between herself and her people, sometimes referred to as her Farewell Speech. That pre-currer of the fiend, in 1596 and 1597, he fell in disfavor because That are either true or fair; Here enclos'd in cinders lie. Flaming in the phoenix' sight: Both birds appear in Chester's main poem. The "turtle" is the turtle dove, not the shelled reptile. in a military campaign in The Netherlands line rhymes with the third. in all simplicity, After logging in you can close it and return to this page. individual to become part of another. is that the poem is a cryptic Roman Catholic eulogy and is part of the contention that Shakespeare was a secret Catholic sympathiser. Distance, and no space was seen works by Shakespeare contemporaries Ben Jonson and constancy is dead; Keep the obsequy so strict. From this session interdict Poem. itself out, like the phoenix and the dove in The full title of Chester's book explains the content: Chester prefaced his poem with a short dedication addressed to the Phoenix and Turtledove. the obsequy so strict...............................12, Let Number [6] Peter Ackroyd and James P. Bednarz both argue that Shakespeare may have written the poem to dissociate himself from Essex, with whom he was implicated because of his links to Essex's main ally the Earl of Southampton, and because his play about the overthrow of a monarch, Richard II, had been performed at the request of the rebels. swan: Swan that prophesies death in its To whose sound chaste wings obey. Love the self was not the same; Single nature's double name The Phoenix and the Turtle: A poem by William Shakespeare 5.   interdict: Augur of the fever’s end, The identification of the Salusburys as the subject was first argued in detail by Carleton Brown in 1913. Let the bird of loudest lay “the priest in surplice white” (Stanza 4). Had the essence but in one; To themselves yet either neither; The best modern edition is that by F. T. Prince in Shakespeare: The Poems (London: Methuen, 1960).

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