Highly intelligent. Opossum, Virginia (Didelphis virginiana) Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 3 to 3.5 inches long (including tail); venomous saliva (painful, but not lethal to humans). Whale, Dwarf Sperm (Kogia simus) Distinguished from harbor seal by longer face and fewer spots on body. The Black Rat is an introduced species. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Carnivore; phocidae; 5 to 6 feet long; 300 to 400 pounds; gray-silver body, black eyes, harp-shaped markings on back. Carnivore; nocturnal; mustelid; up to 12 inches long; distinct black-tipped tail. (The common saying is that weasels can get in through a hole the size of a quarter, which is 7/8-inch across.) Carnivore; both diurnal and nocturnal; mustelid; 14 to 48 inches long (including tail); distinct black-tipped tail. Lives in colonies. Insectivore; nocturnal; chiroptera; 4 to 5 inches long, 11 to 13 inch wingspan. Maryland Universities & Colleges The Nutria is an invasive species. Whale, Fin (Balaenoptera physalus) Can reach speeds up to 40 mph. Burrows. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4 to 6.2 inches long (including tail). Highly intelligent. Mouse, Deer (Peromyscus maniculatus) Carnivore; delphinidae; 7 feet long; weighs 300 lbs. Elk, American (Cervus elaphus) May be brown, gray, or tan in color. Bat, Red (Lasiurus borealis) Whale, Humpback (Megaptera novaeangliae) Skunk, Eastern Spotted (Spilogale putorius) Porpoise, Harbor (Phocoena phocoena) Seal, Harp (Pagophilus groenlandicus) Hibernates during winter months. frightened or alarms they can release a strong smelling musk. Subspecies of American Pygmy Shrew. In the past, this was thought to be "the deed of an invisible yōkai weasel". Mouse, Deer (Peromyscus maniculatus) Carnivore; phocidae; 6 to 8 feet long; 300 to 600 pounds; gray-silver body, black heads, dark spots on body, inflatable nasal septum and sac or hood on male's head. Hibernates during winter months. Known for "playing possum," the involuntary comatose or catatonic reaction to fear that makes the possum appear dead. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 8 to 10 inches long, 7 to 8 inch tail; distinct furred tail. Fox, Red (Vulpes vulpes) Prefers mixed forests of large trees. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 6 to 8 inches long (including tail); distinct feet (including ankles) are completely white. Also known as Eastern Flying Squirrel. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4 to 5 inches long (including tail). Woodchuck (Marmota monax), also known as Groundhog, Havre de Grace, Maryland, June 2015. Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 50 feet long; weighs up to 70 tons; large callus-covered head and thick black or gray body; lack dorsal fin; thick blubber layer; baleen plates in mouth. 6.3 inches long (including tail). Vole, Woodland (Microtus pinetorum) Long-tailed weasels weigh 3 to 9 1/2 oz with bodies 11 to 22 inches long. Whale, Cuvier's Beaked (Ziphius cavirostris) The Norway Rat is an introduced species. Climbs and swims. Carnivore; delphinidae; 6 to 13 feet long; weighs 300 to 1,400 lbs. Distinguished from harbor seal by longer face and fewer spots on body. ; white throat and belly and black flippers, back, and dorsal fin; gray stripe and yellow and white markings along sides, pointed dorsal fin, short snout. Prefers moist forest areas, and marshlands. Carnivore; kogiidae; up to 12 feet long; weighs up to 1,000 pounds; gray-blue or brown back with pink or white belly and wrinkled skin; circular marking around bulging eyes with false gill plate behind; shark-like head with pointed snout; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil. Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Can jump more than 15 feet horizontally. Lives alone. Also known as Bridled Dolphin, Gulf Stream Spotted Dolphin, and Spotted Porpoise. Lives in matriarchal pod. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 2.5 to 7 inches long (including tail). Your email address will not be published. Also known as Goose-beaked Whale. Most common bear species native to North America. ; characteristic white underside to tail; antlers found on males. Weasels feed on small mammals and have from time to time been considered vermin because some species took poultry from farms or rabbits from commercial warrens. Swims and burrows. Rabbit, Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) The long-tailed weasel grows to 5-18 inches long and may reach 2-3 pounds in weight. Lives in matriarchal pod. Squirrel, Delmarva Fox (Sciurus niger cinereus) ; distinct stripe pattern running from head to tail. Skilled climber. Lives in small pod. Omnivore; diurnal; talpidae; approx. Whale, Cuvier's Beaked (Ziphius cavirostris) Lives alone or in small pod. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4.3 to 6.7 inches long (including tail); distinct chestnut brown stripe running from head to tail. Can stay submerged for over an hour. Lives in small pod. Whale, Killer (Orcinus orca) Lives in small pod. Shrew, Southern Pygmy (Sorex hoyi winnemana) The long-tailed weasel uses a variety of calls such as screeches and squeals, rapid trills, and purrs when content. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 2.5 to 7 inches long (including tail). Maryland Executive Commissions, Committees, Task Forces, & Advisory Boards Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus), Glen Burnie, Maryland, June 2015 (left) & June 2019 (right). Skunk, Striped (Mephitis mephitis) Deer tracks on sand, New Germany State Park, Grantsville, Maryland, October 2015. This leaves the burden of feeding the kits entirely to the female. Rat, Marsh Rice (Oryzomys palustris) Classified as Endangered. Granivore; crepuscular; rodent; approx. Carnivore; kogiidae; up to 12 feet long; weighs up to 1,000 pounds; gray-blue or brown back with pink or white belly and wrinkled skin; circular marking around bulging eyes with false gill plate behind; shark-like head with pointed snout; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil. 5.1 to 8.4 inches long (including tail). Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 11.5 to 14.2 inches long (including tail); skilled climber; distinct membrane connecting front and rear legs. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 4 to 5 inches long (including tail). Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4 to 6.2 inches long (including tail). Prefers deciduous and mixed forests. Ermine (Mustela erminea) Carnivore; nocturnal; mustelid; up to 12 inches long; distinct black-tipped tail. Dolphin, Atlantic Spotted (Stenella frontalis) Vole, Rock (Microtus chrotorrhinus) Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 3 to 3.5 inches long (including tail); venomous saliva (painful, but not lethal to humans). Feral horse [Assateague horse](right), Assateague Island National Park Seashore, Berlin, Maryland, May 2015. May be brown, gray, or tan in color. Rabbit, Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) Carnivore; both diurnal and nocturnal; mustelid; 14 to 48 inches long (including tail); distinct black-tipped tail. Can reach speeds up to 43 mph. Omnivore; crepuscular; mephitidae; 13 to 18 inches long (excluding tail); weighs 6 to 8 lbs. Massachusetts . Builds nests in trees. Prefers coniferous and mixed forests. Insectivore; nocturnal; chiroptera; 2.5 to 3.75 inches long, 8.5 to 9.75 inch wingspan. Herbivore; crepuscular; leporidae; 14.5 to 15.5 inches long; fur turns white in winter, and brown in warmer months; black-tipped ears all year. Only when they are running out of food — especially when they have young to feed — do they turn to chickens as a food source. Maryland Universities & Colleges Carnivore; kogiidae; up to 12 feet long; weighs up to 1,000 pounds; gray-blue or brown back with pink or white belly and wrinkled skin; circular marking around bulging eyes with false gill plate behind; shark-like head with pointed snout; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil. Carnivore; diurnal; pinnipedia; up to 6.1 feet long. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives.

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